All Aboard: Exploring the Abandoned Railroad of the Salmonberry River Trail

Hikers cross the 167-foot Big Baldwin Trestle over Baldwin Creek.
Hikers cross the 167-foot Big Baldwin Trestle over Baldwin Creek. Paul Gerald
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Stepping out of your car at the Salmonberry River trailhead, it’s easy to wonder whether you’ve walked into a post-apocalyptic Cormac McCarthy novel. You might hear gunshots in the distance—the Salmonberry River corridor is popular with hunters every fall—and the ensuing hike winds through damp, dark train tunnels and past abandoned railroad equipment, rusted relics of the past left on the side of the trail.

And the “trail,” which is more or less a set of 16-mile-long abandoned train tracks, probably won’t exist for another few years. “It’s almost like you’re not supposed to be there,” says Paul Gerald, author of 60 Hikes Within 60 Miles of Portland.

It wasn’t always this way, however.

Hikers should bring flashlights to combat the tunnels along both sections of the hike. Paul Gerald

Gerald first wrote about Salmonberry River in the second and third editions of his book, owing to the unique nature of the trek. Up until the winter of 2007, hikers walked on and along nearly 20 miles of train tracks in the Tillamook State Forest’s lush, forested Salmonberry River canyon. Breathtaking views, resilient wood trestles, and the remoteness of the hike made it worth the nearly two-hour trip from Portland.

Hikers, fishermen, and hunters had permission to walk along the tracks, provided they stepped aside when trains shuttled cargo, tourists, and other goods between the Willamette Valley and Tillamook. The mostly flat walk—with an elevation change seemingly measured in inches, rather than feet—allowed hikers to explore a pristine wilderness otherwise unavailable to outdoor aficionados.

“It’s 16 miles of Coast Range in which there is no trail,” Gerald says. “Where can you go in Oregon, walk for 16 miles, and not encounter a road or a trail, but still be able to get through it?”

Hikers follow a set of derelict train tracks throughout the Salmonberry River trail hike. Chris Updegrave

That all changed eight years ago this month, when the two-day Great Coastal Gale of 2007 pounded the Oregon Coast Range with hurricane-force winds and relentless rain. The storm eroded embankments and damaged tunnels, rendering the tracks impassable. Escalating costs dissuaded the Port of Tillamook Railroad from making repairs, and the rails have gone unused ever since.

Gerald removed the hike from his book, given safety concerns in the wake of the storm. But he brought it back for the fifth and latest edition, along with a handful of caveats and warnings about the derelict tracks. “These are scary places. You’re walking on railroad ties, so if it’s rained, it can be slippery. There’s no cell phone reception,” he says. “I think it’s completely doable and safe, but just so people understand: The footing is weird. You’re going to have to walk along railroad that doesn’t have anything underneath it.”

He’s not exaggerating: In at least two sections of the Upper Salmonberry River trail, hikers walk on tracks where the ground beneath has completely washed away. Look down, and the canyon floor is visible, at least 50 feet below. And anyone afraid of heights should take special caution: “This is not something that was designed for you to walk on it, and no one’s out there taking care of it, making sure it’s nice and safe for everyone,” Gerald says.

Hikers cross the 167-foot Big Baldwin Bridge over Baldwin Creek. Paul Gerald

And yet hikers jonesing for their own “Stand By Me” experience (minus a scary encounter with a steam-powered locomotive, of course) have three options for enjoying the hike.

The first and most accessible is the Upper Salmonberry River section. The 10-mile out-and-back trek passes through a dark, dank train tunnel and past rusty water tanks, but the highlight is the Big Baldwin Bridge, a 167-foot trestle that crosses Baldwin Creek below.

The wooden trestle is more than 100 years old but remained strong after the pummeling storms. “The fact that it survived the flood is remarkable,” Gerald says.

Rusted machinery sits abandoned along the Lower Salmonberry River trail. Paul Gerald

The Lower Salmonberry River section brings hikers in contact with old bridges, abandoned train cars, rusty water tanks, old machinery, and musty tunnels—all of which paints a picture of a bygone era in Oregon history. “You’re in the realm of fishing, hunting, logging, and railroads,” Gerald says. “You’re literally getting in touch with old Oregon.”

The third option, of course, is to do a one-way hike, with vehicles at each trailhead for shuttling.

Whatever option you choose, it’s advisable to explore this unique hike sooner rather than later. Plans are in place to establish a trail that may one day traverse the Oregon Coast Range—the Salmonberry Corridor Coalition is working to develop the path—but those efforts may take decades to bear fruit. The proposed trail would, among other things, link up with the Banks-Vernonia State Trail and turn south toward Tillamook in Nehalem, a few miles south of Neahkahnie Mountain.

The Wolf Creek Trestle offers hikers a new view of the Salmonberry River canyon’s thick forest. Matt Wastradowski

But in the meantime, bushes and shrubs are already encroaching over the tracks, and alder trees are growing in between ties. Within a couple of years, Gerald guesses, Mother Nature may swallow the tracks whole, reclaim the trail, and render the Salmonberry River canyon inaccessible.

“There’s a funny window where it’s been hikeable for years,” Gerald says. “And it may one day be a jewel of a hiking experience. But, in the meantime, it might be slipping away.”

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